In July this year, BORDA handed over Two feacal sludge treatment facilities to the Dar es Salaam Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (DAWASA). This took place during their handover event which was conducted in one of their sites of one of the FSTPs: Barafu sub-ward-Mburahati in Ubungo Municipality. Participants from other project areas, such as Mlalakuwa sub-ward-Makongo in Kinondoni Municipality and Wailes sub-ward-Miburani in Temeke Municipality was also present at the event.
This project will benefit communities through the provision of faecal sludge emptying services, and the capacity of the treatment plants can serve up to 70,000 people in the project implementation areas. Also, the availability of operators trained by BORDA, introduced safe and improved pit-emptying methods through the application of small-scale, innovative emptying equipment and vehicles (i.e. motorised tricycle), which can provide services in the highly congested and unplanned areas. These service providers are also affordable to low-income households, with an emptying fee of 15,000TZS per 1m3.
About the project
In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – one of the fastest growing cities in Africa – more than 90 per cent of the capital’s population use on-site sanitation facilities such as septic tanks and pit-latrines as conventional sewerage networks coverage cannot keep up with the rapid urban sprawl. In unplanned areas, road infrastructure is often inadequate and streets are too narrow for conventional wastewater collection trucks to access the pits and dredge them using a vacuum pump.
Instead, residents often opt for illegal, expensive and unhygienic methods such as cracking a hole in the side of the pit during heavy rain to allow rainwater to ‘flush’ out the contents; or engaging an informal pitemptier, or ‘frogman’, to jump into the latrine and manually empty the pit with a bucket. It is therefore no surprise that cholera is still a threatening epidemic in Tanzania. In response to the high demand for alternative and affordable faecal sludge solutions, business models surrounding faecal sludge management (FSM) are currently being developed and tested in Dar es Salaam, as part of a project implemented by BORDA Tanzania and IHI and supported by HDIF.